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Back to school without drama or acrimony

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Outdoor play improves a child's imagination

The activities in open spaces provide physical benefits to the child and help develop their creativity and sociability

Video games, the lack of parental time and shortage of green areas are factors that make children spend less time in nature than they need. However, since they are newborns, they need to spend time outdoors as outdoors games stimulate children's creativity. Experts consider it essential that small are active in open space, and recommend it for at least an hour a day. Among other advantages, the outdoors encourages children's autonomy.

Many doctors stress the importance of children to spend time outdoors ,Because, among other advantages, promotes child's creativity, Autonomy and social relationships. Modern life, however, seems to conspire against this need: the lack of parks and open areas in cities, lack of parental time-working many hours a day, as well as developing game attractive increasingly contribute to the children tend to spend much time indoors. These activities also tend to encourage sedentary habits of children. And that is something to be avoided.

The games open spaces stimulate children's creativity
The activities in open spaces stimulate the curiosity of children and require them to think creatively
The outdoor game provides benefits to the child in the psychological and mental child, Though perhaps not always be obvious. These activities require children to think in a creative Stimulate their curiosity and forces them to make decisions and solve problems through their imagination.

Overall, the house, and even public spaces for games such as playgroups or playgrounds, are organized. In the natureHowever, the child faces an open space, where the limits for the games and activities have to put himself, with their creativity and imagination.

The nature provides childAlso the opportunity to have social interactions with other small quality of their age, or the like. Many children, especially those without siblings, need to get out of the home environment to bond with other peers, and begin to have contacts and relationships.

Newborns need to walk outdoors

Children can enjoy the outdoors almost from birth. A report doctor prepared by the Joint Commission on Area 10 Pediatrics Hospital of Getafe, Madrid, concludes that newborn can go for a walk since arriving home, which "is a stimulus for the development of the child".

This group of pediatricians recommended, however, that in winter the outputs are for infants "soledas hours" and with the baby well wrapped. By contrast, in summer field trips must be made during less hot, and with the small light clothes.

The child needs the incidence of the sun for your body to synthesize vitamin D which requires
It is important that also the child receive sunlight. Its action is necessary for your skin to synthesize vitamin D, Which causes, among other things, that their bones requiring calcium assimilated. However, we must take some precautions when it comes to exposing the small sun: The Babies have very sensitive skin, so summer can not receive the direct impact of its rays directly.

The outdoors fosters the child's autonomy

As the child grows, treat the child develop a taste for activities active leisure: Be in contact with the open and nature will allow you to experiment with the five senses his relationship with the outside world.

-Or crawl-walk on the grass, feeling different textures, smells, temperatures and hear the different sounds of nature, give the baby a world of knowledge that will stimulate their abilities, perceptions and imagination. Thus, the child will develop their own games, and, therefore, to develop its autonomy.

Outdoor activities help improve mood and help children avoid becoming overweight
Playing in open spaces outdoors, provides also for the possibility of children exercise while having fun. The children have more room to move, walk and run, and, therefore, consume more power. Outdoor physical activities contribute to avoid childhood overweight, A problem that affects one in Spain in four children.

Physical activity also allows small release endorphins, making them relax and combat anxiety. That is, the outdoor activities help improve the mood of children. Also makes them tired and at night can sleep better.

A sedentary lifestyle, overall child problem

The problem of the lack of activity in the children affects most of the Western world. A report published in April 2012, notes that in the United States, almost half of the children does not engage with his parents outdoors on a daily basis. Experts, however, recommend that children get at least one hour of physical activity a day.

What matters, then, is to combine the activities taking place indoors with activities open, So that children to create their own games, develop their creativity, strengthen social bonds, and also healthier.

From crib to bed: when and how to take the step

The change to the bed should be done when the child is between two and three years old, measures about 90 centimeters and acquired skill to get out of the crib

The transition from the crib to bed marks a before and after in the child's autonomy. For a transfer takes place without trauma, and does not create major problems, it is necessary find the best time to make him understand the change, choose the right bed care home safety and maintaining sleep habits.

1. Find the best time

There is no minimum age or a ceiling for the child to spend the crib to bed: Each case is unique. However, in most, the change occurs between two and three years old and it usually marks also the small size.

A baby of 90 centimeters, which can scale, is ready to sleep in the bed

states that the general rule is "that if a baby is about 90 inches and you can climb and get out of the crib, you are ready to sleep in the bed. "Although, as noted by the pediatrician," some children are very agile and get the bars jump before reaching that point, while others are lazy and do not even try. "

For children more nervous, transfer to bed should be mainly to preserve small safety and prevent injury occur when you try to leave the crib.

At other times, however, changing the baby of the crib to bed can mark the need to leave the cradle Free for a new family member. This time, it's best not to match the move with the arrival of a new brother. The step should be done "in a time when the child is calm" in no case should match for the little big moments, as the beginning of the nursery, the arrival of a sibling or a change of address.

2. Make him understand change
The removal of the child from the crib to bed implies a marked change for the small
The transfer of the child from crib to bed involves a significant change to the small. To accept it without problems, it is recommended talk to him and explain the reason for the new situationWith arguments like "it's more and, therefore, going to sleep from now as the biggest" or "has grown so much that you need more space for him and his puppets".

It is also necessary to make him see that the greatest freedom of movement acquired with the bed does not mean you should get out of it continually, but must learn to respect their sleep and others and just getting up when you have to go to the bathroom (if you're ready for it) or for other important needs.

3. Choosing the right bed

The new bed where sleep the child Parents must provide the same security as the cradle. So should consider a few points:

  • that has no sharp corners to avoid dangerous blows to the child.
  • preferably have a height appropriate for the little one can get in and out of her comfort.
  • is advisable to place, at first, a security fence on the sides, to prevent possible falls to the ground overnight.
  • if you have bars on the headboard, the distance between them should make it impossible for the small may be trapped.
4. Care home security

As soon as the child passes the bed It is necessary to take precautions at home to ensure safety in case of lift only at night. One must be aware that what once could not represent any danger, if you can have it now. Some guidelines to consider are:

  • be careful to keep the windows closed you can access easily.
  • close the front door locked.
  • make available no toxic elements or sharp objects and dangerous.
  • leave a small light on to avoid tripping and become disoriented when you get up.
Keep sleeping habits

Regarding the transition from crib to bed, that "it is essential that the change occurs when little has already acquired habit of sleeping well." This is important, especially to prevent the night becomes a continuous parents wandering the small room, or vice versa, the child of his parents.

In this respect, it is advisable to keep the same sleep routines which were taken when the child was sleeping in the crib.

  1. No change times and maintain the same guidelines (such dinner-bath-bed).
  2. Let him sleep in the same way, with his usual stuffed or object that help you sleep.
  3. At first, you can cover them with blankets or quilts in the crib so your feelings do not vary much.
  4. If parents before you read a story when he went to the crib, can now read in bed to associate your new sleeping environment with a nice moment of their routine.


Tips for overcoming tantrums and rages


The tantrum is a normal reaction of children to frustration, but should be corrected as soon as possible

Drops to the floor, kicking and screaming nonstop. Tantrums and tantrums in response to some kind of frustration occur more or less frequently in children between two and four years. This attitude, which can waste many parents nerves, more if it takes place in a public space, should be corrected as soon as possible to prevent it from becoming a weapon in the hands of children to achieve what they want.

Which should tantrums

Tantrums are one of the resources used by children between two and four years to express their frustration with different circumstances, either because something does not go as expected for not having the necessary skills, because it prevents them from doing what they want, are cansandos or not answer all their demands as required.

The tantrum includes, usually screaming, crying, kicking, and even some real shots. So therefore causes nervousness and impaired parents. If above is triggered in a public place and little bother other people with your attitude, the situation can become embarrassing.

Can avoid tantrums?

notes that these situations are not something unusual: "You have to give, since children do these things because not count what happens." So the psychologist notes that the work of parents is to "guide their behavior and teach the child that this is not the right way to express your anger, fatigue or discomfort."

The aim should be that the child understands that even with tears or with kicking things are achieved. Thus, the main premise that parents must address is not yieldIe, not give in and give him what he asks for and prove that their strategy is not working and that the next time you use it will be the same.

Strategies to minimize tantrums
  • Ignore: ignorance can be successful with a tantrum because the child knows that if he does not have public notice, its effect is nil. If the tantrum takes place at home, simply leave the room where is the child, not without telling you that attitude is inappropriate and will be back when finished. If you are in a public space, you can give back to young to realize that you do not get anything with the tantrum or move to another place, in the event that significantly disturb people around you.
  • The power of words: reason with a child in the midst of a tantrum is a mission impossible, is not likely to hear anything of what they say. However, once you finish the tantrum, you must small talk with about what happened and show that things can be solved in different ways to complain. If the next time the child chooses to dialogue rather than the tantrum, it is essential to congratulate.
  • Avoid dangerous situations: abusing children tantrums tend to intensify in certain situations, such as when they are tired or hungry. Savvy parents can avoid this situation if the above symptoms in your children go to bed and let them rest awhile or feed them at the right time.
  • Better safe: knowledge of their children's reactions can help parents prevent tantrums situations. If you know that with a determined refusal order or the child will respond with a temper tantrum, you should anticipate and try to reason with them before. If you will go to a store where candy and know that the baby kicks if he is not buying everything he asks, before entering, you can "negotiate" with the little that you just buy a treat and that, if tantrum will not get any.
Four essential tips
  1. Given a tantrum, both parents must respond equally. If one gives, the strategies do not prove effective.
  2. It should stay calm and not get angry and yell. Thus, just get the child to see that parents emulate his attitude.
  3. Apologize to the people upset with your child tantrum and do everything possible to minimize this discomfort.
  4. Reinforce positive attitudes and gestures of affection reward and recognition when the child alone avoid the tantrums and act appropriately to a frustration.

How to get the baby to say "goodbye" to the diaper

The key is not pressed, with some technical help ... and patience

Each mother and father asks him not once, but twice, three ... on countless occasions as the baby grows: how can you stop using the diaper? This issue has many sides, related to the stages of child development, with the fatigue generated by the parents, with the economic ... No foolproof recipes, but there are a number of techniques to promote the baby leaves the diaper as soon as possible and in the most natural.

No scolding

First and foremost, however much it is deemed that the child is old enough to leave the diaper, and severe fatigue that causes the issue, which you should never do is to scold or insist too much on the subject. The result of doing so may be just the opposite of what is intended, that is, it can cause trauma to the child, with the result that cost much more then put aside the diaper. So rule number one is: patience.

Furthermore, we must distinguish between two very different: stop using the diaper during the day is not the same as leaving the night, to sleep. The daytime diaper is easier to leave and children much earlier, for the night, the time to let it take even years.

Leave the diapers during the day

The most widely recommended by experts for children to stop wearing diapers during the day is simple. It consists of taking the small to sit on the potty every hour and let it do what you have to do. It is a way to create the habit. Sometimes you may not want and will not do anything, and if so, no problem: after about five minutes, to pull up his pants and move on.

Some issues that often help:
  • The child has his own potty. Thus, will recognize it as a special place where you will go when you feel the need. We recommend a small potty appropriate to their size, and no special caps that are used to adapt the standard toilet, as this is more uncomfortable, you have to climb at least a stepping stone, etc. The idea is to pave the way as much as possible.
  • Being with him and help get distracted. For this, it is best to always have some books about appealing to small, large, colorful images. So, "go potty" will be related to the small moment with a pleasant and even fun.
  • Have more patience with poop than pee. Doctors say that children have a harder stool because unconsciously associate it with "letting go" of their own, a part of themselves. But it is nothing terrible: even if it takes a little longer, naturally will do so too slowly.
  • Give small prizes if you avoid soiling and alerts you when you win. Something to eat that you really like or a trip to the park can be an excellent motivation for the issue is pending and not let yourself be.

When you start implementing these resources? It depends on each case, but in general the two years is a good age to stop using small diaper during the day. In some cases, even a year and a half and can begin to notice every time I need, which greatly facilitates the job of parenting.

At night costs more

The process of giving diapers to sleep more costly. You have to think of it as a long-term, as there are also fewer tricks and recommendations ... and need (even) more patience.

The basics are always take to make pee before bedtime. Of course, this is not enough for you then be several hours without urinating, especially when you consider that many small have a greater need to do at night than during the day. But it helps.

It is also recommended not to drink liquids in the last two hours before bedtime. Thus, the pressure to urinate at night will be less. Some doctors also suggest small wake in the middle of the night so they can pee, but many against it, as this disrupts their sleep and proper rest and can reveal them. So, that may be the remedy worse than the disease.

Otherwise ... only remains to wait until, with the passage of time, sphincter control during wakefulness have also extends into sleep. If you spend a week without a wet diaper at night, may be a good time to take it off. However, there are children who, by "lazy", are "demanding" the diaper at night without needing it but take time of day, even when napping.

This kind of unconscious mechanism makes it not uncommon, for example, a child who takes long time without wetting it does just the day when his parents decide to sleep without a diaper ... So that the kids should continue to use the diaper at night until the situation is definitely controlled, otherwise, nocturnal incidents can also generate some kind of trauma in them.

And patience, more patience. The need to wear diapers to sleep can be up to 4 or 5 years old ... If for the 6's still needed, it will be time to consult a specialist. No panic or exaggerated concern, because sooner or later you can control. As the wounds, it's nothing that time will not come to remedy.

Nine steps to prevent child domestic accidents

The fragility of small, combined with his boundless curiosity and his difficulty in understanding the dangers, risk rises with household mishaps

The statistics are clear: by age, the group most affected by domestic accidents is that encompasses people aged 25 to 44, and the least affected, that of young children (up to age 4) . However, this does not mean they should relax the measures at home to avoid such mishaps. Keep in mind that small make up the most vulnerable group and that his enormous curiosity, coupled with their limited understanding, can cause more of a headache.

Simple and useful actions to prevent childhood accidents

Accidents involving children often do not cause hospital admissions, but this does not detract risk. It is therefore appropriate to implement a number of simple precautions that give very quietly at the thought of the welfare of the children at home.

The advice
  1. Talking to children. While not always be able to understand the gravity of their actions somehow must inculcate certain behaviors and warn of certain risks, always clear and simple words, you know. It is important to consider that children can remember everything you tell an adult at any time. If to make the small take some medicine easier adults are called "candy", it is possible that, at the slightest opportunity, the child seeks to take those "forbidden candy." So, you can never neglect the responsibility of adults to behaviors of children.
  2. Do not leave them alone Especially when they are very small. If parents are away from home, it is advisable to seek out someone to accompany and monitor their children. As children grow, this rule can be relaxed.
  3. Use monitoring mechanisms or intercom. That technology exists. The intercom (audio only both as audio and video) are acquired for very affordable prices and give a big advantage to keep small controlled.
  4. Ensure that household doors and windows remain securely closed and children do not have easy access to them. This also includes the doors and drawers of the cabinets, especially the kitchen. Different safety locks prevent children from gaining access to dangerous tools, chemicals and glassware, among others.
  5. Corroborate the electrical connections meet all safety requirements and that are not within the reach of small appliances cords are supported on the furniture (like irons, mixers or sound). Watch also the handles of pots and pans, and the ends of the cloth, so the child can tug to pull the objects that are on it, it would fall over the child and would hit or burn.
  6. Do not leave children in elevated surfaces and / or many steps or slopes to prevent falling and hitting.
  7. Toys and objects to handle, especially babies, should have a minimum size to avoid that, in the event that they should be put in the mouth, choking them.
  8. As the child grows, straight edges and cover the edges and points of furniture according to their action (especially height and, consequently, the height of the head), as they can cause wounds and injuries.
  9. It is very important fix the furniture to the wallAbove all, the cabinets can become unstable and tip over the ground, such as shelves, shelves and cabinets. There are numerous anchors to prevent with a simple tug, furniture falling on children and crushed him.
If despite all this attention is an accident, you should immediately call medical emergency telephone for instructions on how to proceed. It is worth remembering a few basic recommendations:
  • The first: if the child has fallen and is unconscious, avoid moving, although he can entertain with blankets.
  • The second: in case of burns, it is best not to apply liquid or ointment gauze, only cold tap water.

Children and clothing: three steps to dress themselves

Children must learn to dress themselves, a very important aspect to gain autonomy, feel more independent and strengthen their self-esteem

Depending on the ability of each and their level of maturity, between two and six years, children should learn to dress themselves. It is the next "big step" after leave the diaper. In addition to being a time saver for parents, the acquisition of this skill represents an important advance in autonomy, which helps bolster confidence in their own abilities and feel more independent. To facilitate this task, among other things, parents should respect each child's individual pace, teach them in a fun and entertaining and help only when needed.

1. Allow children to develop their autonomy
  • Step by step: can not expect a child to learn at the same time to put all the clothes because some need a certain ability or skill to put them. It is better to structure the task at different stages, depending on their level of difficulty. During the first few weeks, you can leave that you only underwear and socks, gradually introduce new elements.
  • No end for him: delay before the children to wear, it is common for parents to be who end up placing most small clothes. Thus, children lose the motivation to perform the task of dressing themselves and take long to learn to put some clothes well.
  • Give them time: at first, and even that strengthen their skills, it is normal to be slower. Hurry to get his or berate his delay in these cases will only serve to put them nervous and frustrated with. At the beginning of learning, it is best to choose times when you have no hurry (and weekends) and, later, if necessary, restructure and raise the child hours earlier so that time is not a discordant element.
  • Provide assistance when requested: is important not show overprotective attitudes, or help immediately perceived as a small difficulty placed a garment. It is advisable to let them try and help themselves only if they request it. At that time, it is advisable to explain step by step how to do it, and even let them do it later, so that the next time will not have much difficulty.
  • Do not break the rule: Once the child has learned to dress himself, we must respect their autonomy provided by all adults. That is, it does not leave you with one parent is seen by himself and, in parallel, the other will offer to help. Neither should clothe when time is scarce.
2. Simple and neat clothing to make it easier
  • For younger children, it is preferable to start let alone to dress in clothes that do not have closures (elastic waist pants, dresses without buttons, sweatshirts, etc..).
  • When you gain more skill, it's time to try simple fasteners (Velcro or snaps) and book by the end closures "harder" as buttons, laces or zippers.
  • Give them clues on each garment to avoid making mistakes. Should indicate that the tag must be behind the clothes in the back, while the drawing of a shirt or a shirt pocket have to see ahead and seams should be always inside.
  • Prepare the clothes in the order they should be placed: underwear, shirt and pants (or skirt or dress) and finally, sweaters and coats. Thus, the child will avoid improperly superimposed garments and needed to start over.
  • Dressing in front of the television or in a room with many distractions can slow enough to small. Parents should ensure that the child is dressed in a quiet environment, without elements that prevent you from concentrating on the task.
3. Tricks and fun tips for children to dress themselves
  • Painting a letter in the templates of shoes or half of a drawing in each of them, so that when put together properly instructed what goes on each foot.
  • Organize competitions with the brothers to see who gets put each piece in less time.
  • Inventing songs with clothing, which may give clues about the best way to position each.
  • One of the best ways to train is to plan an evening of costume play they have to be themselves.
  • Dressing up dolls or put clothes help a younger brother will help them learn and build self-esteem.
  • The puzzles and games strung lace and small parts favor the development of motor skills necessary to handle more precise elements of dress.

The beach develops the Baby creativity

On the beach, everything is new for babies. And while we must take Many precautions ,May be an appropriate place for the baby to have fun, either with their own toys or sand, taking their first steps or helping build castles. In the next article the games listed in the sands encourage the development of fine motor skills and creativity in children and explains why the sand is an optimum surface to help them walk.

The beach is a veritable new universe for baby, Which seems to discover a new world every day. Everything is different: the horizon, soil, people around ... It should be a lot of care and precautions to carry a baby to the beach. Your skin is very sensitive, so you must always be dressed and shade and prevent the small spend too much time on the beach and, in particular, during the hours when the sun's rays affect more intensely. But, in addition to taking the necessary measures to prevent, what can be done with a little boy in the beach?

The beach, at home

As the baby must be in the shade, you have to think of activities that can be done within a confined space. Many toys with the little fun at home can be a great tool for that, too, have a good time in the beach. And he will be happy that their dolls, balls and rattles have accompanied him.

The toys that the baby has fun at home also will have fun on the beach
A very useful resource on the beach is to use a foam carpet. At home, these surfaces provide a soft soil, friendlier to the baby takes its first steps and falls are less harsh and painful. On the beach the floor is not rigid, but the dangers are not limited to: sand is carried to the mouth or, conversely, that ends the mouth to the sand, which is everywhere. In addition, foam mats serve to prevent toys are buried in the sand, which reduces the risk of losing them.

The sand helps build fine motor skills of the little

The beach is an optimal setting for the baby begin to develop their coordination. "It is advisable to encourage the development of fine motor skills in babies," says Almudena Valle, speech therapist. Fine mobility refers to movements that require coordination important for small, as is the domain of the five fingers to pick up objects.

This type of motor normally evolves between 18 months and three years old, but you can work from before with various games. In particular, "Work with sand"Says Valle, help the little foster fine motor skills: shipments of sand, shells and filled containers are examples. If the sand is there to be seized.

Beach games that develop creativity Baby

Baby will enjoy while checking how to change the type of soil by treading on the beach
1. On the beach, children have so much fun with simple games, As an adult to lift when the water enters the beach. This game puts them in expectation and waiting for the next wave, because they know they will be raised in the air.
2. Near the shore, you can dig a small pit to operate as a single pool for the baby, where you can have fun without the problems caused by the waves. Moreover, regardless of the temperature of the water in the sea, that small amount of water will turn warm soon.
3. And also, of course, but babies are still small, we must help them the most classic game of beach: build sandcastles. It will be important to have a bucket, shovel, rake and plastic spoon, so that little can assist with transportation of sand, water and maybe some rocks, shells or small shells. It never hurts to remember the special care must be taken to prevent the child take any of these things in their mouths, as it could choke.

The results of the sand should be building with architectural feats. The child almost enjoy it more when demolishing it to build buildings. But that does not mean that there will be fascinated when his father or his mother placed a pile of wet sand in a bucket, turn and sand remains fixed, respecting the shape of the container. The baby does not have the ability to do so, but this action encourages creativity.

The first steps when you start walking on the beach

Sand is also a suitable surface for the baby being animated to take its first steps, offering stimulating ridges and irregularities in the feet touch the child and encourage him to continue. As the walks will lead an adult, they should go behind the largest baby and carrying or holding arms from above.

The small enjoy while checking how much change the type of soil on the steps: from the dry sand farther from the shore to the wet by the water just happened and where your feet will sink.

It is essential, however, have careful with the temperature: That the sand is not too hot or too cold water. Not only because of the damage they can cause in the moment, but the possible consequences that can result in long-term child, as fear of water.

Baby Laughter, infallible games to provoke

Babies smile even in the womb, a gesture that expresses welfare and, from the second half of life, satisfaction also. Laughter is a sign that the child enjoys good times and improves also your mood. The laughter has benefits for the baby explain that, in addition to enjoying the laughter when it occurs spontaneously, promote appropriate also. The following article lists infallible five games that they make the baby laugh.

Laughter is little sign that enjoys

The laughter is one of the main signs to know that someone is in good health and enjoying a good time, also generates many Positive effect in the body as it raises endorphin levels, increases heart rate and exercise muscles. In the case of the Laughing Baby, Is one of the most enjoyable and pleasant sounds that can be heard a father or a mother.

The baby begins to smile in the womb
During the first months of life, the baby do not laugh, but smiles. The Ultrasounds, For observing the child in the womb, show how small smile. And after birth, so do their sleep. These are gestures that reveal unconscious feelings of well being in the baby. About four or five months, start to make sounds like laughter and a few months later, his laugh and also expresses satisfaction.

The laughter has benefits for the baby
Baby Laughter strengthens the bond with parents
This explains why parents should not simply wait for the laughter spontaneous child But, also, be promote. This is important "not only for what it means to laugh in itself but also by generating bonding with parents," says Almudena logopeda Valley, Emeritus of Clinical Neuro, Merida.

The expert stresses how important it is to promote the bond with the baby. To do this, nothing better than a few games that cause the laughter of small and giant smiles in adults.

Five games that achieve infallible the baby laugh

The games designed to cause Laughing Baby should, as a rule, include eye contact between the child and the adult. Alternatives are infinitive: the limit is one's imagination and creativity. Should also be attentive to discover, sometimes by accident, gestures or situations that make the child laugh. It may be a face, imitating a movement, a word that is funny, etc..

The games listed below (some of them true classics), tend to be infallible when it comes to finding the baby laugh.

1. It is one of the classic games ,The adult is hidden and then reappears in the eyes of baby, Which explodes in a laugh. No need to go to another place to hide: just to cover your face with a handkerchief, with another object or even by hand. A finding that the person is still there, though not seen, is infallible: the small loves and can laugh for hours by repeating the trick.

For baby, check that the person is still there fascinating hidden
There is a variant: the simulated adult that something obstructs the view of the baby and, because of that, he is not. This version encourages small to assume a more active role, as it will start to move and make sounds to help you find adult.
2. The mirror. Is a variant of game above. The difference is that in this case, which is hidden and is not then reappears adult, but the image baby reflected in a mirror. Before their first birthday, the young tend to believe that the reflection you see is actually another child and, therefore, the mirrors are very attractive.

If the adult places the baby in the mirror, he departs and then put him back in front, the result will also cause your laughter. Can also introduce variants, such as changing the appearance of something baby, or your own (if also reflected). Some items that can help this "transformation" is a hat or scarf placed on the head, among others.
3. Tickle. This is very personal: each person feels the tickling to varying degrees and in different parts of his body. A few Babies like more than others. So it is up to the parents to know their children and learn what your favorite: soft caresses the neck or feet, kisses and raspberries on the belly, etc..

The next step is to up stories that end with a tickle. A classic is to create a narrative, what did each finger indicating "one found an egg, someone else cooked, another hair". In these cases, an action is improvised for the last finger as evidence that the story ends with a pleasant tickling the baby's body and, therefore, their guffaw.

Another possibility is situated at a distance of small and start counting from that position, the story of an animal that approaches another. While the adult continues his story, this is closer to the baby until he reaches. The story ends when the little laugh. These games fascinate the child, To enjoy, even more, of the previous expectation created, which tickled the end themselves.
4. Flights in the air. Is to raise the little guy safe and bring the sides to go different places, as if flying. At Babies I really like these rides. The first reaction, in general, be silent, and discovering new perspectives. The child begins to laugh when the "flight" begins to have incidents like abrupt descents, address changes, failed attempts to reach a goal and everything that the adult to direct the path comes to mind.
5. Whirlpool. Many kids love the water and enjoy when receiving a bath. Other small, however, do not enjoy their spare room in the same way, and this can cause Tantrums and moodiness. In all cases, but particularly the latter, you can find alternatives to make bath time fun.

Something that can help is to introduce toys in the tub (rubber ducks, sponges of different colors, etc..) But there is also this possibility: the tub. It takes a fairly large tube, which can be used as straw or blowgun. Introduces one end underwater and is blown through the other. The bubbles rise to the surface will make the baby, You'll want to catch them. If the end of the tube is placed attached to small bubbles will make tickle: the small laugh bath time and also be an amusement space.

Ten tips for children to do their homework

It is normal for children to resist doing homework at home. And this often leads to fights or anger that harm family life and the educational process. To avoid this, it should be noted some recommendations as certain routines and create enabling environments, support and encourage children as they perform tasks and review with them when they have finished. Compliance with these assumptions generates motivation and incentives that are critical for small. This article explains why it is important for children to do homework and collect ten tips to achieve it.

Why homework is important

Every so often resurfaces in the educational debate about whether the duties that teachers send children to make at home are beneficial or not, and in any case, how much homework is appropriate to entrust. Beyond the various opinions in this discussion, the fact is that today the duties are an essential part of the educational process of children. The existence of homework has several positive aspects: helps create habits of responsibility and discipline in small, strengthens their concentration, can reinforce what is learned in class during the day and also serves to strengthen the relationship between parents and children.

The problem is that children are often reluctant to spend time at home for homework. And the direct consequence of this fact are often fights, anger, stress and bad times that hurt children and adults in everyday life and in the educational process in general. Therefore, it should be noted the tips and techniques listed in the following Decalogue to encourage children to do their homework without problems and get the best results.

Ten Tips for children to do their homework
  1. Establish an appropriate place to do homework. There have to be at a desk or in your room, but you should respect that is always the same, that is well lit and there the child has access to everything needed to do their jobs. Also, it is a place without distractions, which can concentrate and, over time, reach associate with the study. It is critical that, while engaged in their duties, little or no access to phone or television.
  2. Set a time of day. As with the place, there are also free to choose what the time devoted to homework. But once elected, they must comply. This helps to create study habits and discipline, and also helps to avoid arguments, when the time comes, touches homework. It is best to be early, after a moment of distraction after returning from school. The later is made, the child will be more tired and have less desire, will cost more and the results will be worse.
  3. If you set rules and schedules, be steadfast in its performance. This point is closely related to the previous two. It does not mean you have to be inflexible in a radical way, but you notice that, when not met with a schedule, it is an exception.
  4. Accompanying children while doing homework. Accompany means to be near them, but not over, far from "them" homework. Let children make their activities as independent as possible is a way to recognize their independence, intelligence and ability to do things for themselves, but do not go perfect. This attitude helps a lot in learning to manage their responsibilities and strengthens their self-esteem.
  5. Lead by example. This is very positive: the adult, whenever possible, make your own "homework" in view of the child, while it makes his: calculations related to home economics, review of bills or other paper, read a book, etc. It will be an extra motivation for two reasons: first, because children always try to look like their elders, and secondly, because it is a great way to show them that what they learn now will serve them for life in the future.
  6. Be alert to help, especially if the child gets stuck with the task. The way, of course, is not doing the activity for him, but give some clue to bring it to the correct solution. Another possibility, if the child is stressed due to the difficulty of the duties is to give a break: you take a break to clear your mind and try again.
  7. Rather than teach, tools for thinking. Many times adults can clarify the doubts of the students, but may not always do so. In such cases, do not get overwhelmed: the role of parents is to accompany the children and provide ideas, tools for thinking and look for alternatives. It is convenient not to have solved nagging doubts in class but encourage them to not forget to do the following.
  8. Check the homework done. This means not only the first instance of correction, but also a show of interest from the adult to the activities of small, which is essential for the child represented by motivation. The review should always start by highlighting the positive: the things the child has done well, developments and improvements to be detected, and so on. This will be taken by the student as a recognition for their work and encourage him to keep going. Then it will be time to mention another errors or mistakes made, without drama or exaggeration. However serious, are faults that can be corrected and are part of the learning process.
  9. Avoid the "rewards" for homework. One thing is motivation and a promise of a reward in exchange for the child to do their homework. With an offer like this, you run the risk that the situation is denatured and the alleged prize becomes a "bribe". It is best that the motivations and incentives are of another kind.
  10. Discuss homework with positive terms. The connotation of words is crucial here: if parents refer to expressions homework with him as a punishment, something bad or boring, safe for children's live that way. So whenever it is appropriate that, when we talk about the work, done with words "good", highlighting how much the child will learn, what will serve in the future, it may be interesting to know, etc..

Tips for using the backpacks baby carriers

Today there is a great number and variety of accessories that can help parents in the baby care. Wheeling systems of the baby, known as baby carriers are one of them because they allow parents to bring their baby safeProtected and glued to your body on the go, right in that little step you need it most. The use of baby carriers or slings to carry the baby promotes bonding between parents and children.

The baby close contact with the body of their parents is very important, especially in the first months of life. Backpacks are a very comfortable and safe device for parents to do all sorts of outings and walks with his baby in arms, Without having to give up a full, direct contact with the child.

Tips for using baby carriers

Tips_for_Using_backpack_baby_carrierBackpacks or scarves carriers offer freedom of movement and are convenient for carrying out its many tasks. Here are the tips for use and choice of backpacks carriers, the best position and all that must be taken into account when using backpacks for newborns and infants.

1. The weight of the babies. The backpacks are designed to carry your baby from birth. It is advisable to carry babies under 3.5 kilos or more than two kilos (from when parents do not show muscle fatigue).

2. Affective exchange between parents and baby. Both the baby and his mother or father, can benefit sensory and affective exchange.

3. Position the baby in the backpack. The best position to bring the baby is looking at his parents, at least in the first 6 months. Babies can be placed facing forward when the backpack is properly designed for it and when the baby is older than 6 months of age or when muscle power to acquire hold head and keep the trunk securely.

4. The backpack and hip dysplasia in infants. Baby carriers not conducive to the emergence of hip dysplasia in infants. In contrast, a backpack may have protective effect of hip dysplasia. Its design allows free movement of the joints of the legs and hips, which promotes proper nutrition of articular cartilage.

5. Choosing a backpack baby carrier. When buying a sling, parents should choose a backpack safe, convenient, easy to apply and removeWith adequate support and position, avoiding compression zones or strips that could cause injury to the baby. The shoulder straps should be wide and padded, adjustable and measure an appropriate tissue for each temperature. The backpack should have proper support for the carrier, which allows properly distribute the weight and prevent muscle fatigue. Must be made of a breathable and washable.

6. Backpack carrier for twins. It is not advisable to use a double portage considerably by limiting contact between the carrier and the baby. A good backpack should spread the load on both shoulders, back and hips of the carrier, and this is achieved adequately to carry one baby. The double portaging overweight can cause musculoskeletal injuries in the father or the mother.

College: When children need a private teacher?

Parents often do not know when our children need a private teacher. The lack of time to keep track of the duties of our children do we think that a teacher at home can be a good reinforcement. But is it really so? When do children really need tutoring?

Fear school failure leads many Parents to think that with what the children made in the school not enough. If grades are not as good as desired and suspense start to become a reality, many families think that the solution is a private teacher.

Moreover, for business reasons, many parents have little time to pursue the study of children. They stay calmer thinking that the private teacher is encouraged study habits and reinforce the weak points. But it is always beneficial? What are the requirements? Should know the school private teacher?

Tips for Choosing private teacher
  • The need for a private teacher must always be indicated by the guardian of the classroom. It is he who will assess whether it is appropriate in each case. And who will check what needs to be strengthened and how.
  • If at the first difficulty was put tutorials, can subject the child to an overload that can lead you to reject all academic.
  • If not done in coordination with his private teacher, rather than a help can become a nuisance, since the child is subjected to two different teaching styles. The criteria of the school and the private teacher can be very different.
  • If you opt for private lessons we seek a trained teacher. Many times people are offered inadequate training, which moves primarily a lucrative interest.
  • If you receive Extra classes Should never take them as punishment or retaliation for not getting the desired notes. We care for your self-esteem and motivation, preventing it from feeling bad for not learning the rhythm of his classmates.
  • We must not forget that children need play and move freely. Nor that recreational activities also provide many learning (not just textbooks). Should not overloading participants with an excess of schoolwork.

School starts! : Ideas to begin the school with good start

The first days of school or nursery are usually a bit chaotic: the whole family has to change schedules and spend the adaptation period and children need to get used to his teammates, his teacher, new classroom ... These tricks will help you to much softer landing.

Start the course! Remember that the first few weeks must have more time than necessary to get up, have breakfast, get to school or to nursery... The rush and a stressed parents do not help anything start the course off right.

So, a good idea is that mom and dad to suit your schedule school rhythm. If not, will eventually run out and will inevitably face a day with little patience and moodiness. And that, ultimately, affects children.

Tips for a happy return to school
  • Leave everything ready for the night: uniform or clothing that is to be carried to school, backpacks ready, water mid morning ... This avoids unnecessary scares up and nothing is easier to get out on time.
  • Put half an hour before the alarm clock: until the body (and head) is used to the school's normal rhythm do everything slower. If we have some time to spare, the return to routine will be much more relaxed.
  • Visit before the cole: Ideally what to know before starting class. If not, a walk around the school will help the child to see him as a familiar.
  • Do not be late on the first day: out a bit before making the journey home without haste, to park (if you go by car) and go to class with the rest of the companions far more pleasant.
  • Make the adjustment period: even an effort for parents, the child will help you take better, especially if you are starting in kindergarten or going to school without going through the nursery.
  • Bring your lovey: the little one will feel better if accompanied her to class favorite doll or ball of the soul (yes, you have to ask before school or at school, because some do not let them bring toys from home).
  • Security Convey: explain the importance of growing up and how well it is doing. Some parents do not take well the first few days of school, but it is important not to infect him our fears.
  • Pick up the child with a smile: but mom and dad have had a hard day of work, the small has been waiting many hours the moment of reunion.
  • Ask: you have to know how was your day, we never overwhelm with questions infi nity. Also tell us what your profession, we must not lose sight of the impressions of the child.
  • Be patient: cole start is a major change, it is normal to be somewhat nervous.


Study skills tips: the best way to use the time to study: Part II


Blood components

Human blood is a thick red liquid. It consists of blood plasma, red cells, white cells and platelets.

* Blood plasma is a liquid constituted by 90 water 100 and 10 100 other substances such as sugars, proteins, fats, minerals, etc.

* Red blood cells or erythrocytes are red cells that are capable of capturing large amounts of oxygen. Each cubic millimeter of blood are four to five million erythrocytes. This enormous wealth causes blood has a deep red color.

* The white blood cells are blood cells much less abundant than erythrocytes. There is a leukocyte per 600 erythrocytes. White blood cells have a defensive function against infections.

* Platelets are cell fragments coreless. There are about 250,000 platelets per cubic millimeter of blood, and its function is blood clotting.

The romances

One of the most abundant of our literature are romances. They are of all ages. From a chronological point of view, the romances are divided into:

1 old Romances. - Are almost all anonymous. Today it is recognized that originate from the epics, the most interesting episodes of the long epic poems were being sung independently of the rest of the Song by minstrels. Monorrimo epic verse breaks and gives rise to the octosyllabic rhyming assonance in pairs.

The old romances appear from XIV century. The themes of these romances are usually historical figures around prestigious national history (the Cid, King Rodrigo, Fernando Gonzalez, etc. Forming cycles are grouped romances. Other romances try Recapture episodes: are border romances. romances are inspired by the exploits of the French knights at the court of Charlemagne (Roland, Charlemagne, etc..) are the Carolingian romances.

There are also fictional and lyrical romances, whose theme is taken from history or traditional epic.

Intestinal digestion

In the duodenum, the chyme receives three juices that will complete the transformation into assimilable substances, these are the pancreatic juice, the intestinal and bile. Each juice is responsible for making some of the many changes needed, so the bile - the daily secrete about one thousand cubic centimeters - acts primarily on fats.

Gradually, the original bolus has been transformed into a slurry, which in the intestine is called chyle, the villi are responsible for absorption of chyle substances have become assimilated.

Unabsorbed substances pass into the large intestine, where they remain between 10 and 20 hours, during which time the so-called microbial flora acts; forming bacteria such plants finish the work transformative. Finalized, it only remains to perform defecation - expulsion of feces from the anus.

As you saw in the previous underlined, simply type have presented examples that surely can complete more and better but it may be valid to start work underlined. Perhaps the first text is the one that is incomplete, but it is valid to complete it and get, in turn, margin notes. You also need to underscore the theme you give, initially, some freedom, understanding the different types of underlining that can do according to your own method of study and memorize your way. Things easier not only for my model, create your own.

The summary:

It is one of the most important and key activities within the study. The can be done after the fact to be underlined and subsequently studied the topic, lesson or text. You have to try it without looking back at what you've read, and if you do as little as possible. This summary should be brief but complete with the fundamental ideas and using your own vocabulary and way of structuring sentences. Drafted in person. You have to use particles liaison between different paragraphs to produce logical reason between them. Clearly a good summary relies heavily on the understanding of the text and the times I've read (are recommended three, fast, one slow with underscore and slower with memorization and analysis).

The summary is used to summarize the contents of a text which must then comment or study. Facilitates better lesson study and its compression and in turn facilitates concentration while studying. With a good set of summaries of the various lessons can make a very positive final review what you studied.

To master this technique you will have to exercise the following type:

- Analysis and commentary written texts.

- Summaries of these.

- Readings arrested.

- Summaries of texts from the underline.

It is convenient to summarize subsequently read it completes several times and if necessary, reading ahead. In principle, all texts are valid to practice this technique.

The diagrams and summary tables

The scheme is a technique that really have very much forgotten but it gives much play. It is a simple as it depends directly on how you made emphasis and reading.

A scheme should present the main ideas of the text, clearly outstanding. It presents a simple and logical text structure. Must have a clean and clear presentation. The diagram highlights the main points of the text and subsections consider interesting. Signs are used to highlight ideas, underline, etc..

Attention and concentration

Rules for use of the time

Attention and concentration are essential to get the hours of study and the explanations given by the teacher in class. For many of you this is a real problem. The need to be vigilant and to concentrate on the study is basic. But there are many elements that affect attention: - The motivation and interest that we study. - Concerns: family problems, peer problems, problems with friends, or love, money problems, etc.. Concerns cause much anxiety and deconcentrated mind when studying or attending.

The place is studied and the conditions thereof

Fatigue: can not study when you are tired or sleepy.

But we can do something for these factors influence us as little as possible. Try to motivate. Think that what you do is for you, but rest assured we will fail. Why study? What do I get? What can bring me to study my training as a person? All rely on these questions and thereafter acts. Think you, your future, your ideas, your dreams, do not be misled by adverse situations around you, nor for the comments, nor the idea of unemployment, struggle, strive, go ahead. You should also try to solve the problems or concerns. Face the problems. Looking for a solution. There is always a solution. 

Looking for advice, get help in teachers, friends, psychologists. Do not let collapse. You should also take care of the environment where you study. Take care of your physical condition and your Descans. Do not be a sleeper. Respect your sleep. Do some sport. The focus, therefore, is not just something related to willpower. We must also take into account all the above. To eliminate boredom studied in an active and dynamic, with pen and paper. Take notes, highlights, look in the dictionary the words you do not understand. 

When you are taking notes in class, the teacher looks, ask when you do not understand something. Follow the explanations of the class is one of the moments that we get more performance party. Be positive with both the teacher and with matter. No you sink through adversity that you find. All this will ensure further learning of that content. You bet! As a final thought just remind you that in class taking notes.

Note taking

Before you start ... Look at the notes I've taken so far and Rate it using the following criteria: (1-deficient 6-very good)

1.-contain the main ideas of the explanation

2. - It looks the logical order of ideas

3. - Cleaning

4. - Clarity in the letter, underlining, etc..

5. - Order

6. - Brevity

If the average is three or less than three you need to read the following. How do you take notes? Taking notes is harder than it looks. Therefore requires specific training and practice. Concentration is essential. A good idea for easy note taking is that we know that is the issue we are going to expose. So, if possible, it would be appropriate to take a look at the issue the day before to know where things will go. 

Furthermore, your attitude towards the teacher and the subject should be positive. Do not be prejudice and not be misled by moods, not for the likes or dislikes. Concentrate on what you do. Control your attention. No ramblings. It is essential that you are attentive to the teacher, look at him, looking for the key ideas of explanation and focus your attention on: - Catch the logic which exposes the teacher. - Compare what you say with what you already know. - Find the utility for you than it explains. Summarize what the teacher is saying. You can use paper filing. Always the same, with the same format. Save notes in folders by subject and by day. Start putting notes on top of the sheet and the date the course or subject. 

This will facilitate their classification and order. The notes you take them so that they are easy to read. Do not write everything the teacher says. Do not copy everything. Only important ideas. Copy dates, names, references, etc.. Leave room on the right and left for notes or clarifications. Use emphasis and capitalization to highlight the most important thing. Be brief. Abbreviate the words as you can. Use acronyms, abbreviations (understandable later) or any sign that you believe and that means something to you. An example might be:
Like .......... = | century .......... S | more than .......... + | less than .......... - | man .......... H | woman ........ M | more .......> | less .............. < | that ...................... q | by ................. x | adverbs ending in mind a symbol adds the adjective: quick, easy, normal
You yourself can create your own rules or symbols. Practice a bit and see how the results improve. One idea is also important to pass not to clean your notes. You lose time. Strive to take them with sufficient clarity so that you are worth for further study.

Memory and mnemonics.

One of the topics that interest you in study skills, and for which more questions, is memory. Clearly throughout the study process memory is one of the key elements. But the important thing is to understand the memory correctly. Therefore on this page will discuss this topic and you are worried that both give tips and tricks to improve it. There is also a special section for mnemonics (memory tricks that facilitate).

"The memory works great as a filing cabinet. Locate information in the appropriate place involves streamlining the selection process"

We'll start by saying that memory and rote process consists of what might be called three phases:
  • Register.
  • Hold.
  • Remembrance
Our memory is like a big filing cabinet or in which it is clear that we will find things better if we ordered in a logical way. It is also shown that more and remember better what we understand (why is not convenient "plated" without knowing what "chapamos")

Register: At this stage we acquire the contact with elements that memorized later. It would be the first reading. To be clearer we read we use these concepts underlining, schemes

How to prepare and make a test

To properly prepare for an exam you need to know in advance and clearly the content you have to study.

This task of study can facilitate declaring yourself what really matters and what does not, the professor. It is important to know what kind of test we are going to do: test, practical, theoretical, of own production of responses, concrete and short answers, etc.

From there you can go and getting an idea ?how you're going to have to study: with great storage, connection of ideas, with all data even less important, etc.

From there it's just the implementation of all the techniques seen so far:

- A first quick reading what you have to study.

- Second reading slow, analytical, with underlining and margin notes.

- Preparation of a summary.

- Preparation of an outline or overview.

- Review with general reading above, underlined reading, reading the summary and final review of the scheme to ideas.

If you really get to follow this order in all its phases, the results are really good and the notes, undoubtedly improve.

How to test

- Be clear about the time you get to the exam, know it forever.

- Ask a general first reading all the questions.

- Read each question carefully and be clear what you're asking.

- Begin answering those that know not extend yourself too, with the information that you have been sued clearly. After complete them if you have time.

- After passing the questions you think you do not know, no master or unknown.

- Review the answers you have given before delivery.

Study skills tips: the best way to use the time to study: Part I

Study skills tips: the best way to use the time to study: Part I


Study skills: how best to use the time to study

Study techniques are becoming one of the most important concepts in the student world. After seeing all school failure being harvested in schools, students will have the option to improve your performance with rules, tips, techniques and recipes can improve study results clearly. Study skills are a set of tools, essentially logical, that help improve performance and make the process of memorization and study.

First of all it is essential mentalization of "having to study." If we assume that we want to study the rest not spare. But it is clear that given the social situation thorough preparation for our future work is key. The organization at the time of starting a school year is critical. Based on our schedule attendance at the centers, we organize the rest of the time to take up the preparation of the content that we are seeing every day. 

The daily study, sorry to say, is almost mandatory. It is to be in front of the books two or three hours every day. Is to see our own needs, analyze fields or topics that we have more problems, what are the immediate priorities (exams and papers, presentations, etc.), And from there drawn up one schedule of "work" day. Yes, I do mean, "work" because the study need to be aware that, until the social work period, is our real work and what we do, or at least try, as inherent to ourselves that we will provide, Surely our later working life. We study for us, for our future (stick it in the head), not for our parents.

In the options you presented in both left and right menus I present techniques or ways to improve those concepts that have major problems. Anyway, each person is different and if you want help with something specific do not hesitate and ask me for writing me.

I hope these ideas will count for something.

Get organized before you start

The organization is one of the key elements when studying or start time to start preparing for an exam, an opposition, a test, etc.. Therefore we must first stop to think about the material we need, we have time to do things, and something that is fundamental to establish a study schedule or work for every day of the year that we may change in special cases of take an exam or having to prepare a job. It is essential that you consider that organization everything you do throughout the day, and a realistic schedule and apparel you can fulfill. 

Make time for rest and recreation and do not forget to account for periods of transport, lunch and dinner out with friends, etc.. That schedule should be like your daily work schedule. Prepare on Sunday night for the rest of the week and if necessary Varolo along day. Note that you should study every day, or at least look at the topics of the next day. Turn your time on something that you routinely meet and watch over time you will find that you have more time for everything, but well organized. 

After this discussion, if you want, fill out this form with the information and I ask that you consider another interesting to help you organize your work-study pace. This information is valid for organize your studies, your work rate and that things would have to concentrate more. It is a confidential information and as such try.

Improved reading speed

To increase the speed we have reader from the basics of what is read. By reading our eyes are moving base jumping or fasteners that are grouped in one or several words. Therefore, to increase the speed at which we claim is to the least possible number of fasteners in each line in one clamping and cover as many words as possible. We can see this best in an example:

  • "On the beaches / of all worlds / children congregate /
  • impatient heaves. / On the beaches of all worlds /
  • children gather, / screaming and dancing "
(The spaces between bars are the group of words that are perceived in a single glance, fixing a normal reader)

Try everything you can practice with texts that appeal to you, but I have to admit that poetry can help to improve the speed, because the phrases and lines are shorter.

Examples of texts to work fixations in reading

  • "Asylum is / two miles / village.
  • I made the road / walk. / I wanted to see mom / soon.
  • But the doorman / I said / was necessary
  • see before / director. / As was busy,
  • I waited a bit. / Meanwhile / goalkeeper
  • I was talking about, / and then / I saw the director.
  • I received / in his office. / I looked. / After
  • shook my hand / and held so long
  • I did not know / and remove it. "
We can also increase the reading speed as follows:
  • Choose three consecutive pages of a book to motivate you and are more or less covered the same text.
  • The first sheet you have to read the speed you normally do, but trying to understand what you read.
  • The second sheet, then read it as fast as possible, without worrying to understand what you read or if you skip words and no turning back.
  • Finally, the third sheet read it as fast as you can, but this time making sure you understand what you read and follow the guidelines of which we spoke before the fixtures and try not to go back (one of the biggest problems slow readers).
  • After reading the third sheet joining the time you took the latter. This exercise must perform five days a week for 3 weeks and then rest one. If you see speed increases not repeat this type of exercise or try the following technique.
  • Place a card under the line that read, trying to gradually increase the speed of reading and reading each line with only three or four fixations, depending on their length.

Improving reading comprehension

We can now move on to discuss a method rather than a technique for improving reading comprehension. The method EPL2R responds to a more thorough and detailed reading that you can use as a study method.

Each group letter EPL2R answered the initial five steps proposed in reading any text:

- Exploration: is knowing that you will get the text before working on it. Make a first quick reading to get a small idea that is.

- Questions: At this stage we ask a series of questions about the text fundamental that we believe we need to know how to respond after reading. We can transform into questions headings and titles.

- Reading: this is the phase of reading itself, which must be to the rhythm of each, making a general reading and searching for the meaning of what is read. If necessary, look in the dictionary the words you do not know. In a study session here introduce underlining, margin notes, etc..

- Replies: once the previous analytical reading, going to answer the questions you raised above and if necessary any questions become more specific, concrete or spot on the text and its content.

- Review: skimming is to revise the text, or topic, read. They are the points that were not clear and complete answers. Here, in a study session, and summaries introduce schemes.

"A good work plan should be personal, realistic, flexible and time for study and time for rest"

Where to study and how to study

- In one room you have available for it, if you can be of exclusive use, odor-free, well-aerated and ventilated, or very hot or cold, no noise nuisance or other distractions (TV, game room of siblings, radio, etc..).

- Have a large work table, which can take up all the material you'll need, without other distracting objects such as magazines, games, mobile ornaments, etc..

- The light is preferably natural and if not that is white or blue and emitted from the side opposite the hand you write (a southpaw light must come from the right).

- Both the table and the chair shall be consistent with your height, be comfortable but not too much. The chair must have support and be tough. Excessive comfort will take you to pay less or even stop studying, but the discomfort will be the same.

- You must be very careful posture. With the trunk and stretched his back against the back of the chair. At a distance about 30 cm. the book or notes and whether they may be inclined by a lectern or other object, this makes the eye sight and do not tire as quickly.

- It is very important to be decided at the time to get to school, do not hesitate and try psych that this is the work we have to do and is best done with joy and relaxation that angry and unwilling.

- It is very important that before you begin study do reflect on all that you need and you place or table or hand (dictionaries, reference books, pens, rulers, encyclopedias, etc.).

- It is also very important to know that's what you do every day and have it all planned (but flexible). So it is very convenient to do a daily study schedule but you have to be realistic, taking into account your abilities, practicable and feasible and flexible and prepared for the unexpected, which is reflected not only time but also the time study leisure and rest. Remember that every hour you must rest 10 minutes.

- When do you think that time is the best time to study on your terms, and always starts with the easier subjects before moving on to the more difficult and also easy other end.

- Hours of entertainment are also important, do not forget them.

- Must sleep an average of 8 to 10 hours, then it is essential to perform well.

Emphasis and diagrams

The aim is to highlight the underline key ideas of a text. Later, reading only the underlined can remember the content of the text.

It goes without saying that there are psychological theories of human perception underlying this technique, as it is shown that memory is fixed and more and better remember things that are highlighted.

Therefore, it is necessary that this technique not only meet, but also master it and use it. Its rationale is to highlight another color (bright colors are recommended such as red or green or fluorescent colors, but tire more) those series of words that have meaning and semantic content itself with a subsequent reading of the underlined this makes sense and you understand the text and are reflected in the details relevant. Therefore it is not necessary to emphasize articles, conjunctions (only if linkers) prepositions and whether to emphasize nouns, verbs, adjectives, dates, names, etc..

Obviously it is a difficult technique to master and requires much practice.

To underscore not recommend more than two colors and you can also replace the "line" for boxes or brackets to mark entire paragraphs or phrases that we consider paramount. Stresses if necessary in your books (they are for your service, not for garnish) and in your notes or photocopies. It is recommended that emphasis be performed along the second reading of the text or topic that we have to study. But you can also get some data pointing or ideas in the first quick reading.

You also have to get used to writing notes to the margins, in those moments when you are not clear or complete ideas with other data. These notes are then very beneficial as they facilitate the understanding and extend knowledge.

As noted above, in the second reading, unhurried, comprehensive and analytical, is when we do these operations and it is time to stop and understand graphs, tables, maps or boxes. In many cases provide a wealth of information in a clear reduced and that help us better understand what we are reading and a more direct way. Think we are studying an issue of economics about the various productions of a country. If on that page have a bar graph or sector with the quantities and items that occur immediately know that excels and in which another is lacking.

What follows are different types of activities with respect to underline and analyze tables and graphs.

Study skills tips: the best way to use the time to study: Part II

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