Fear of school. school phobia

The school phobia is the rejection of a child experiences prolonged to attend the school by some kind of fear. This fear may be related to factors such as schooling (fear of teacherUnder school performance, Problems with peers), negative life events (prolonged illness, breakdown of family togetherness) Or separation anxiety from parents (refusal to separate from the mother), among other reasons.

When the child cries when going to school not always about school phobia. Therefore, one must distinguish this phobia of what we call school refusal, Which is a conscious decision by the child refusing to go to school, that has nothing to do with anxiety about school phobia.

Symptoms of school phobia in children

Physiological symptoms: sweating of the hands and body, muscle tension high vomiting, Diarrhea, changes in feeding and in sleep habits.

Cognitive symptoms: fear everything about being at school without being able to specify which particular episode. What is striking is that the fear goes away when you return the school and reappears the next day when he should depart.

Symptoms in the behavior: negative behavior. Ride a scandal, if forced to dress or breakfast. Shout, cries and, when it should remain in class, their behavior is very disturbing.
Diagnosis and treatment of school phobia in children

When the child makes and repeats these symptoms for at least 6 months, need special attention and even therapy to avoid possible impact on their studies and in conducting their homework. Children, unlike adults, do not recognize the situation as irrational.

Before any psychological treatment, You should go to the pediatrician to rule out that these symptoms are not related to a physiological problem. When you have ruled out the existence of health problems, is the psychologist in charge of diagnosing and treating school phobia based on specific parameters.
Guidelines for Parents

- Talk to your child With its brethren, Its friends and their teachers.
- Gradual adaptation. The child should go to school adding little by little.
- Company. Someone tries to pick up the child from school at the gate and escort you to the class.
- Confidence. The child must attend a class you have friends or professor he is trusted.
- Familiarity. It's good to go to school at times when there is no class to familiarize yourself with the center.
- Attention. Reward your child with your attention. Establish a formal system of rewards.
- Positive Attitude. Avoid feeding your opinions negative comments about the middle child and schooling.
- Daily Routine. Organize a daily routine level schedules and rules.
- Friends. School encourages friendships to be established also outside school.
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