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How to create a learning environment?

Education and learning your child are every where, not only at school but also at home and in every situation he lives. The moments you spend with your child can take advantage of to learn things,  creating a fun learning environment for very little you need love, patience and enthusiasm.

In this article teach you how you can create an environment for your child to learn with a good teacher: yourself.

» Worry about the game, not the success
While it is true that children follow the same basic patterns of learning,   it is also true that there are many nuances. Some children learn best to listen and see the information,  while others learn by doing and practicing. No matter the method,  which is really important is that your child is encouraged to play objects safely and explore the world around him.

» Read aloud
Reading aloud to your child helps you imagine what he hears and greatly improve your vocabulary. In other words, the vocabulary that the child is two years is proportional to the number of words you've heard talk before that time. Children may not be able to respond verbally when they are young, but process what they hear.

» Reduces background noise
You may be very interested in a TV show or not like silence, but for your child will be better that you spend the time to it and you decrease the background noise. The noise makes it difficult for children to distinguish between the sounds they need to know and those who do not.

» Bring them to the music
If you write them to music lessons or take advantage of times when they are bored to touch a piano or an instrument. Children who study a musical instrument develop better verbal skills and greater dexterity. Other research also shows that music improves memory in general.

» Develop the art
When kids get bored do not know what to do, the holidays are a difficult time in that aspect,  because the "I'm bored" is frequent and we can not entertain them at every turn.
One of the best ways to allow the creative flow is let your child create either writing on a piece of paper or playing with paints and crayons. Besides allowing your imagination to expand, this will help develop fine motor skills (holding a pencil or crayon, clutching a bottle of glue). Ideally regularly do art without you put too many rules,  but can create freely (of course within the paper and not on the wall).

There are many things you can do to encourage your child, but the important thing is that they are moments of fun for them, and not anintelligent desperation for doing yours. Eventually the children develop their skills, along with what you teach him, but little things can help, educate and keep you entertained.

Teaching children the importance of respect

Respectis one of the most important social skills that a person can have. From small and begin to learn how to interact respectfully with others, especially with adults around us. Teaching children the importance of respectis one of the most important tasks we have as companions and educators. In this article we look at some tips for teaching your children respect.

» Teach respect by example
One of the most fundamental things to teach respect is that giver who receives respect. This is especially important in our case,  since it occurs much more exacerbated in children. If we do not respect our children, they will not. The example inrespect of learning, it is completely essential.
If we respect the screams, we are giving mixed messages and confuse the child (apart from the frustration that comes when you get the opposite result to that hope). Always remember to lead by example, be as respectful as you can with both children and adults.

» Give value to respect
Not only the example of adults is important, but we can also teach respectby other children. The next time you see another child in a situation where you are being respectful, acknowledge and praise him in front of the children. Thus, you will be checking that respect is an admirable quality in all children equally. Of course you must not only praise when they show respect for other children, but above all you must praise your own children when they show this beautiful quality.

» Being a patient guide
Another way to build respectis to understand that children are being educated and who have not yet learned to be handled correctly as usadults, we have many more years of experience. Therefore it is expected that from time to time have behavior problems.

Remember, most of the time it just does not know how to express. Teach them to identify their emotions ("I am sad", "I am angry") is important to ensure that the child is emotionally healthy, have a good performance, and become a respectful person.

» Praise respectful attitudes
You can also use different times to remind children how important it was to use respect on this occasion, trying to speak from your perspective and how you perceived the action. For example:  "Remember when we went to the grandparents? Really liked how you helped grandma cook and Grandpa listened without interruption as you told that story."

With a loving and patient guide can teach children about respect.


Learning to read

» When to start?

The sooner the baby comes in contact with the best reading. From 6 months you can start to tell little stories. Note that the book is a great tool set, therefore, may be present in the child's life as well as toys.
The first thing to do is grab the baby book and put in their mouths,  at 12 months will want to start to turn the pages and point the drawings. You must remember that the attention span during reading time is only 13 minutes, and that language acquisition occurs just between 10 and 30 months, when they begin to repeat words and voice tones change.

» What kind of books are appropriate?

There are books of fabric and plastic that are very useful because they can be washed and used to play at bath time. Meanwhile,  cardboard are ideal for when your child wants to start turning pages. From year to three, those with images and illustrations in vibrant colors are preferred, along with those of animals that allow learning about sounds , shapes, colors, textures and actions. As for the pages, there are books from 5-30 pages. Suggested is to diversify the topics to hear so little reader preferences.

» Is it good to set a schedule for reading?

Read a story before bed time is a routine that kids love and can be repeated at other times of day. The important thing is to find the time and the right place.

» How incentive to read?

•Set an example
Are more likely to become a reader if you see that your parents read and are in contact with books. Show her that you love to read and will be more challenging to set a reading schedule.

•Books appropriate
There are some who will love, such as those with rhymes, illustrations of animals or large print. It is important that a suitable size and easy to handle.

•Establish the habit
Reserve a special time each day to read a story aloud. Fifteen minutes is ideal. If it gets restless,  interrupted the reading because it's time to change activities.

Reading the same book or the same stories can be monotonous for you, but the child enjoys it and will serve to absorb more information. Soon you will notice that remembers and repeats whole sentences.

Mark well the words, try substituting the name of the character in the story for your child, it changes the tone for a special character and exaggerated actions.

It is important that you give time to be trapped by history, as well as to discuss what was read.

For starters sitting the child in an appropriate place so you can see what they're reading. Invite him to discover the drawings or photos,  lets look at the letters and ask that you think will happen in the story.

•Complete reading
Children need to complete what they are doing. Therefore, if you are reading him a story about getting to the end. If it is a large book is a suitable point to finish reading, as the end of a chapter or page.

•Do not use the books as a reward
If the reading is linked to a system of rewards and punishment, there will be an enriching experience. For example: do not say that if you sort the toys then you will tell a story. The idea of ​​reading should be a habit, part of a very pleasant day time.

•Tell stories
Not just about reading books, you can also tell stories over dinner or while traveling by car. They can be classic, real or invented stories and have him as the main character. This is advisable for active kids,  who does not like to sit and listen,  but I always get excited about stories where they intervene.

How to help teens decide their future? Helping a teenager looking for his first job

»How to help teens decide their future?

One of the most important tasks, while difficult, is that parents have to help their children prepare for when they leave the secondary school level. They can decide whether to go to college, if you take some time off or begin to work now, all adults and options that must be assumed with some responsibility. Here's how parents can help their children at such a crucial time.

•College or technical school

If the teenager has decided to continue to study must then know your options and apply in those schools that are of interest. This process is cumber some because it takes many steps. The best we can advise our children is that they feel ahead to write about their goals and achievements. A list would be advisable to fill:

»Strengths and weaknesses personal and academic.
»Extracurricular Activities.

They could also decide whether they want to study at school or from home online, as there is three alternatives. From then on the Internet can find guides which inform best schools, the budgets, the subjects taught, potential financing, etc..


If your help and advice with the teenager has decided to start to work, it's time to seek health programs and government that offer interesting options for beginners. As parents can guide you to prepare your resume, fill out forms and develop skills for possible interviews. You can also advise you to choose places that will bring benefits, but also serve as learning.


For some teens can be very helpful to take time off between school and the real world that will later be entered. can participate in some community activities or travel to other countries before the responsibilities of life stop him.

•Warnings helpful

Listen carefully to your child and try not to give advice unsolicited. If you ask for guidance, tell a story of our lives where we had to make a decision may be well received.
Provides respect and support. Do not try to decide the future of your child is your opportunity to grow and be there with you as a friend,  not replacing him.
Educate your child's independence and ability to care for himself in any circumstance, including decisions in extreme situations.
Fear not place a limit on the budget if you will offer your child takes time book. You must learn to be independent and self-sufficient. You will not be there forever.

Always try to keep as an enthusiastic advisor can give a hand at any time. Need a positive influence in this important transition period for the life of every teenager.

»Helping a teenager looking for his first job

Send resumes to whatever business is, check the mail every five minutes to see if your application respond, ask all your friends if they know someone who can hire ... Find Jobs for the first time is a process that can frustrate a teen,  especially if you do not get the answer you're looking for, which is very common when the first steps in the world of work.

The parent supportis key to encourage teens in this new experience that requires a lot of effort, dedication, perseverance and above all, patience. If your "children" and are facing finding your first job these tips may help.

•Help him but let him learn

Parents would do anything to see our children well. If we look down or sad because they get a job,  would not hesitate to redactarles resume, write your letter and to our selves to seek out work for him. However, one thing and another thing to help you do everything for him. Show them your support and tell all the tips that come to mind,  but let himself be responsible for your search: is a way to gain independence. And even if you can not find employment, this process will serve as experience for the future.

•Promote your skills

While your child does not get a job,  it's good to use the time to hone in certain skills. For example, if you want to engage in communication could use a non-advanced Frensh course, if you want to engage in Economics, Math, etc.. Ask your child what he would like to hone skills for well differentiated from their peers when looking for a job. Perhaps with a deeper knowledge in certain areas will open many doors tomorrow.

•His own project

If your son is smart, responsible and has very clear what he'd like to pursue in the future, this is the perfect time to encourage him to pursue his dream. We, as parents, we must offer the prospect that with effort, patience and perseverance can achieve what he wants. This is the time to start!


What better to talk about our own experience? Tell your child how was your first job search, how you did it, how was the process, what obstacles you have faced, etc.. Do not let it discourage you, Pass on a positive, safe, and do you feel confident that you will get the job given to him.
Since your teen is trying to fit into the workplace is important to have an idea about how the economy works, why it is important to work,  what is the value of money, etc..

Helping children to choose their education

Although there is a compulsory,  there are some key moments in which our children must choose between different branches or possibilities.

The problem is that these decisions should take an early age to really know what is going to want or need in the future,  so the advice of parents and other adults will be very important.

The preteen and teen age where you have to make these decisions,  and the concern of parents for their children's future, may be the cause of many family conflicts. Well worth taking these decisions calmly and in complete agreement and much dialogue with our children to avoid them. We are talking about very important decisions for the future of our children, so, let's look at some ways to help the children to choose their studies.

The role of parents:

One of the most important things to be done by parents in the education of their childrenis left to reflect their own hopes, dreams and what they would like to be. Also what they would like their children to be. Parents need to show all the possibilities and help your children express their views so they can study what they really like.

They must be well informed and updated of all the possibilities of studies that may be. This can go to specialists in the field who can legally instruct and even acquire well summarized documents where all different stages.

Having a detailed description by age and study opportunities is important for parents and so they can show their children.
Parents should advise, listen to your children, reach agreements,  encourage and motivate them to get what they want. It is crucial to observe their children, their hobbies, their qualities and see with them what field of study may develop these potentials.

Do not forget that a person working in the likes succeed insured and will be a great help to achieve happiness and prosperity in life.

Important decisions for the children:

No decisions we think are unimportant; really are and many of us think sometimes in those moments when we choose our studies and perhaps we would have liked to make other decisions. Help our children to make the right decisions so that they can stay motivated and good results in their studies.


Safety items for babies in the home

There are numerous safety devices to protect infants fromaccidents in the home

The chances of a baby suffering an injury in a domestic accident are high, but can be prevented in most cases. In addition to monitoring the behavior of small, to create a safe environment at home is advisable to make use of the various items and safety devices available today in the market. These facilities are effective inreducing the incidence of childhood accidents and increase peace of families. then provides a list of useful devices to protect babies in different parts of the house.

Safety items for the bathroom:

•Safety seats for the bath: when the baby is able to sit, around six months, it is recommended to use for bath time adaptable seats. These help you stay upright and prevent, in a careless, it can slide into the water.

•Mats and slip elements: are essential to prevent small slip and fall while bathing. These elements are fixed to the floor of the tub or shower with suction cups.

•Protectors faucets: are manufactured in rubber, silicone oras bouncy, and are used to coat the bathtub faucet and minimize the effects of a possible accidental blow during bathing.

•Testers Temperature: to make sure the water temperature is just right,  you must use special thermometers that indicate a submersible easily if the water is too hot or cold for the baby.

•Adapters toilet: when children begin to use the toilet should be placed a special holder, so that the diameter is smaller and the child can use it without falling.

The safety of children in the kitchen:

•Safety knobs kitchen: to prevent small handling keys furnace, gas stoves or electric, you can put special controls or guards that hinder its activation.

•Safety barrier for kitchens: standing in front of the fire to prevent children from accessing them and can pull the items that are on the surface.

•Protector and oven door blocker: located on the oven door to protect children from burns when the appliance is operating or hot and prevent its opening.

Security elements for furniture:

•Corner protectors and projections: in the market you can buy different corners, corner protectors tapes and flexible, made ​​of silicone, foam and other soft materials to protect small accidental bruises.

•For glass protection film: transparent sheet is placed on glass or mirrors to avoid that in case of breakage, chipping and fall to the ground.

•Tethers and anchors: to prevent baby furniture to drop somewhat unstable over, you can use different anchors and special grip tape these to the wall. There are also special tightening straps to secure the flat TV.

•Enrollacordones: these child safety devices are designed to keep small cords manipulate the curtains,  blinds and shutters and protect bottlenecks.

•Protector for electronic devices: prevent children from poking fingers or objects within electronic devices such as DVD, video or DTT.

•Plug protector: prevent minors into contact with the electrical current through the plugs, are easy to install and no need to remove them to use electronic devices.

•Barrier bed: to prevent small drop of the bed while sleeping, various devices can be used as a lateral barrier function and, in general,  can be folded or hide during the day.

•Locks for cabinets and drawers to prevent children from accessing dangerous products or substances arranged in household cabinets and drawers, various devices that block the opening with a security system.

Child safety gates, balconies and windows:

•Safety stops: to prevent children's fingers caught when closing the door, you can place a simple foam plug in singing or, in the case of sliding doors, a few blocks adhesives impossible to open small that adult uncontrolled.

•Network railings: prevents children push his head through the bars of the railing balconies or staircases.

•Insurance windows: to prevent children from opening the windows, we can find different types of insurance and ceilings that allow opening only to the extent that the selected adult.

Children: how to prevent accidents

In the European Union more children die of preventable injuries by the sum of all otherchildhood diseases

Every year, thousands of children have accidents of varying severity. In the European Union or domestic accidents on public roads (especially in theareas of game) are the leading cause of infant death from a year old.15,000 children die each year due to preventable injuries as a result of such incidents. Therefore, adults should apply the necessary preventive measures at each stage of growth.

In developed countries, where rates have decreased infant mortality,  accidents are a major health problem. The data confirm this: the European Union estimates that almost 20 million children and youth who are victims of accidents each year, resulting in 15,000 deaths and 30,000 disabilities.

This means that more children die from injuries than the sum of all other childhood diseases. Accidents occur mainly at home or in public. Therefore, theWorld Health Organization (WHO) said that prevention is the key to avoiding this high rate of mortality.

The most frequent accidents by age of children

Before six years, it is important to teach the basic rules of road safety and the proper way to cross the street

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasizes social responsibility to protect children and promote the services and support necessary for them. This includes accident injuries. The preschoolers (up to six years) are the most vulnerable members of society.
At this stage there are substantial differences in relation to the child's psychomotor development.

•Until three months, the child is in a passive and dependent. It is important to avoid falling objects on top of it and never have to leave him alone on a surface that can precipitate. most frequent in children under one year are falling from the exchange or from the bed of the parents and, when they start walking, the suffering against furniture or the floor.

•At six months, his curiosity increases and any object can get into the mouth. For this reason,  avoid toys with small, detachable parts, or other objects that may cause choking. Children have a great willingness to investigate all their holes.
Often they come to the clinic for any small piece in the nose or ear. 's Important not to try them out at home, especially if they are spherical in shape, about the risk of penetrating further into the cavity.

•From 6 to 12 months of age,the child gains mobility-starts to crawl,  and autonomy and curiosity grows. Preventive measures should focus on the protection of outlets, doors and windows, stairs and accessibility. Figures fall accidents in buckets, bathtubs, or sources are remarkable.

•Among the first year of life and the three, the child develops movement, curiosity and habits.

•Here accidents increases in toxication drugs, cleaning and painting, among others. The most common drugs are antipyretics (paracetamol and ibuprofen),  mucolytics and cough syrup,  widely used at that age and with relatively good taste. Experts agree that many poisonings of this type-extendable to all age- groups would be avoided if not saved toxics in packaging consumer products.

•Burnsin the kitchen or by hot metal, falls from chairs, bed and windows, choking with food and traffic accidents (is essential to take them by the hand and watch them when ever so unpredictable for their actions) are some of the more accidents frequent in this age.
Pay attention to foods that are chopped hard as nuts, so are not recommended in tegers to 3 years,  adds expert.

•Before six years, it is important to teach the basic rules of road safety and how to cross the street safely.

Traffic accidents are another group of childhood accidents and falls from primary care in preventing the use of safety devices in cars, with road safety tips to parents.

The pools and the like are also one of the places where accidents often occur. To avoid them you need to protect your access and use flotation devices according to the child's age.

Decrease the chances of child domestic accident

Although the chances of having an accident are many, parentsor caregivers of younger should focus on specific points to make your home a safer environment as possible. For these specialists, it is essential to focus on two aspects:

1.In the safety devices, such as limiting the domestic water, fire alarms, stairs and fences in pools plugs or sockets.
2.In control toxins and drugs (there must have your phone number Toxicology Center), the sharps, the subject matter of choking, hot liquids and walkers.

Preventing accidents in the car

The latest available data show that child restraints prevent between 50% and 80% of serious and fatal injuries. However, much remains to be done on the use of these safety devices.

Worldwide, the latest report on child accident prevention,  published by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) notes that traffic accidents claim the lives of 260,000 children each year and about 10 million suffer associated injuries. They are the leading cause of death among 10 to 19 years and amajor cause of disability in children.


Enjoy your free time with the baby on holiday

Creating bubbles and bring books to small are some suggestions to maximize the summer with the baby

is important to spend time with the baby in the summer. Holidays are the best time to enjoy all that small could not be during working hours. In summer, take all the time (and energy) available can greatly help to strengthen the bond with the child.
It is important to enjoy the outdoors with your baby, promote relations between small and books, as well as familiar to the child, in general, sees little.

The importance of spending time with the baby in summer:

Holidays with children are very different from those experienced before or after having children,  when they are grown. The baby requires almost constant attention and that requires that all activities will be planned according to their presence. This applies to travel to the rest of the vacation time, when fathers and mothers do not go to their jobs but should exercise parents 24 hours a day.

The baby must learn to play and for this you need motivation and parent company:

The important thing about the holidays is that you can use to perform all activities for the remainder of the year are limited to short times of the day or week. "Good thing the baby spend time outside you can always spend the rest of the year. It need not be specific activities or too complex: it can be as simple as playing with the children."
Often parents do not devote exclusive time to play with the baby during the year. No wonder that parents take advantage of the little leisure hours for other activities. However, the child also needs to learn to play and, in this sense, the role of parents is crucial: should motivate you, to be with him, talk and listen, but the baby just yet issued its infancy.

Enjoy the outdoors with the child:

It is important to use the summer to enjoy the outdoor spaces and the outdoors with the baby.While sun exposureis dangerous for very young children, it is advisable (after taking appropriate precautions) get outside and go with the park to play.
For the baby, it is very challenging to use their five senses to discover the elements of nature: whether crawling or gives little steps across the lawn, notice the roughness of the soil and the bark of trees on which it rests, and its odor and temperature.

Creating bubbles is a simple proposal to enjoy with baby outdoor in summer:
A simple option to enjoy the outdoors with the child, and that most children like, is creating bubbles. To do this, you can buy a single bottle of bubbles or create your own, with a wire that is given accordingly, and use soapy water.
The frothy liquid required to form bubbles is obtained by mixing water with dishwashing detergent (or shampoo) and a touch of glycerin. Bubbles can provide hours of entertainment to small, especially if the adult does reluzcan large bubbles under the sun.

Baby and books

•Summer is a good time to encourage the baby bond with the books that will last over time:

Summeris a good time to bring the baby to the world of books. This approach can be accomplished in two different ways.
On the one hand, through the reading aloud of stories and tales. Although at this age the child still does not understand the meaning of the story itself is perceived to be speaking in a special way and receive voice inflections.
The hours of reading can become a special moment even before the little have realized that you are reading a story, which will favor the birth of the child the important link with books.
Moreover, the baby will use the book almost like a toy. The small,  when you have a year to live, is recognizing shapes, so you should give copies colorful, with many images and hardcovers. Your way to experiment with it include it to his mouth and try to break it (which will if given a book not suitable for their age). In this way, the child will become familiar with the book since before knowing its actual use and the fantasies that keeps inside.

Contact with the family to which the child sees little:

Holidays can serve to take the baby to contact relatives who see little (or nothing) because of lack of time or who live far away. This is what happens to children who spend their summers in the village of their parents or grandparents: the arrival of a new family member becomes a real event.
But not only in the villages. The pace that many people are in the city causes, even though the distance is not so, visits or meetings between family members or friends are sporadic. Vacation days are an excellent opportunity to compensate, at least in part, those absences and share with babies whole days.

Six tips to get kids to eat fruit

Parents can teach children fruit intake, a critical component to your diet

Often, children are reluctant to eat fruits andvegetables. This attitude isa problem, because they provide vitamins and other important nutrients for health and growth,  some of which are not present in other foods. In this post, we collect several ways to motivate them to eat fruit, such as offering various presentations and combinations,  avoid overstressing and, in the case of older, lead by example.
Fruits are essential in the diet of children, as for adults, for many reasons: they provide some nutrients almost exclusive -like vitamin C, only present in fruits and vegetables- are asource of fiber and antioxidants, almost no contain fat and help maintain proper hydration (all have ahigh water content) and remove excess fluids and toxins, given its diuretic.

The problem is not always easy to accept the smaller fruits included in your menu. Children tend to be reluctant to try new foods,  especially when tastes are some what strong, or acids, like some fruits, and also when the texture is fibrous or have to perform some additional tasks before you put them in their mouth ( peel, remove seeds, etc..). So always come in handy some tips to encourage children to eat fruit (and not despair in the attempt).

1.Lead by example. This is basic:  children imitate and want to look like adults. In a house where the fruit is not part of the diet of adults, it is very difficult to include in the small. Also, if you eat fruit, the higher will do well not only to children but also to themselves. Care should be taken, on the other hand, the fruits are visible in the everyday landscape, which can be achieved with the presence of a source with a good variety on the dinner table or in the kitchen.

2.Enter through the eyes. Thing that children like to play and often live far from food as an interruption of their entertainment, they would rather avoid. So, one alternative is to make the food also has a touch of fun. One way of achieving this is through the cuts of the pieces of fruit and the possible combinations. It is much more attractive to the child, and will increase their desire to eat, get a multicolored fountain,  with pieces of strawberry, apple, orange, peachand kiwi cut into similar shapes and sizes that one whole fruit. Another alternative is to present the pieces of fruit on a wooden stick, like a skewer.

3.Combine with other fruits. This advice is similar to above, but in this case, not only presents the fruit of an original, but is mixed with other products to get new results. A good resource is to include fruit pieces in milk or yogurt even dairy companies sold long such combinations. The apple and some cheeses, such as brie,  also give very good results. They can be combined with thin slices of toast banana. The only limit is the imagination and make the palate.

4.Juicing. Juices are another way to consume fruit. No benefit from its nutritional properties, since many of them are lost, especially the fiber and vitamins, if you pause toolong since squeezed until drunk. However, the benefits are varied:  firstly, the ability to mix different fruit juices and richer test results (this can be the gateway to one type of fruit that, when the entire piece, the child refuses to try) and, secondly, thirst quenching juices in hot weather, as an alternative to soft drinks.

5.Promoting the participation of children. Such collaboration can be achieved in the preparation of food. While the older kitchen, little can peel fruits, organize your presentation or perform some other task that does not involve risks. This contact and closeness with fruit help to increase their desire to try it. You can also includethe child in making decisions with questions like: "What do we have today, banana or tangerine? ".This not only helps you feel more involved with the fruit,  and consequently more likely to eat it, but also gain insight into their tastes and preferences.

6.Do not force or insist too. If eating fruit becomes a requirement,  or offering is a stressful time and discussions, the child is likely to end up associating the fruit with negative situations, which cause opposite desired behavior. If the child refuses after some proposals, it is best to leave. But if an adult eats fruit later rejected the child and says how nice it tastes and how much he has enjoyed the small increase their curiosity and their desire to please imitate and caregiver. If not now, maybe the next time it wants to eat.


Playgrounds: six tips to prevent accidents

The location of the playground, the materials from which it is made, hygiene and maintenance are key issues that adults should monitor

Go to the park to play is one of the best plans that can be offered to a child. For the kids and parents love them the opportunity to have fun with their children, or take a break while they have fun. However, the maintenance of its attractions is still insufficient: only two years ago, we found thata third of the games had some deficiency. While improving their designs parks every day, incorporating new materials and are subject to strict safety standards, are also subject to misuse, climate or environment, over time, can deteriorate.Therefore, and because they are in public, it is essential that adults pay attention to certain aspects to prevent mishaps and accidents involving children. In this report we provide some guidelines.

Most accidents are falls

Nine out of ten children's accidents are hits. Among younger children, under 4 years, the most common injury is the fall and the most affected part of the body, the head.

The majority of accidents take place in the home (with injuries,poisoning and burns, in this order of incidence), but the areas of recreation -parks- are also an accident scenario. Accidents can be avoided.For children to play safely,  adults should "demand security,  both as gaming devices in the installation," the paper said. And above all, they must be vigilant.

1.The location of the park

Not enough that the park is close to home or school. What's important, beyond practicality, is to be located in a suitable and safe.
This is far from the street and fenced in some way (with walls, fences or hedges) to prevent, in a careless, children can run into the street. It is fitting that it is in an area with good visibility, ie a place where parents see their children play and at the same time, control the movements of the environment.

2.The floor to play

The surfaces of asphalt, gravel or concrete were frequent in the playgrounds of yesteryear. Today is unacceptable. They are considered dangerous and unsafe. Its hard not absorb the impact of a fall and roughtexture increases the risk of cuts and scrapes. The coatings of rubber or synthetic materials are ideal because they face both problems. The earth and grass are better than cement, nodoubt, but can degrade with use and climate. If the park has this type of soil,  should inspect it before going to play with the kids (especially if it rained). In either case, we must ensure that there is no standing water, sharp objects (such as glass orcans) or foreign with the little one can trip or hurt.

3.Different children, different areas

A two year old does not play like a ten, does not have the same strengthor the same size. This fact, which seems so obvious, is not covered at all playgrounds, which often lack play areas for children of different ages and some other or not specified for what age are designed facilities. In this respect, a safe park with clear information and, if admitted to children 2 to 12 years, has different areas (and bounded) to avoid having problems. An older child can hurt a small inadvertently if they run or jump in the same place, but more dangerous is that young children use games designed for the larger ones. If the sizes and proportions are not correct, there may be accidents. Are the most common? Small slide through an opening and fall from the top, while the not so young can get trapped in a structure that is not meant for them.

4.Signs for Parents

In connection with the foregoing,  the signals are extremely important. Adults should know if the park is suitable for their children, if damaged or if there are games dangerous areas or repair. They should also be sure not to allow the entry of animals, as they represent a potential danger to children, and keep an eye emergency numbers in case something happened.
Therefore, it is always better to go to a park with information boards.

5.The hygiene of the playing area

A clean and well maintained park prevents infections, diseases and problems.
How is the level of hygiene of the park where we go? Did you visit the gardeners and cleaning staff regularly? These issues are crucial to ensure that children are exposed to bacteria or viruses. It should be noted cleaning the bins, soil and Game, the state of the plants,  shrubs and trees (if the park has them) and the correct operation of the lighting.

6.The park and its maintenance

The inspection of the good state of the parks is fundamental. The games should not be broken: if of wood, be monitored with no chips or points, if they are metal, make sure that there are no sharp edges or rust. In addition, the attractions must be made of strong materials.And if there are any breakdowns,  there has to be directed. For these reasons, a good preventive measure is to go to the park alone, without the kids, to makesure all is well. If so, we can return to them. If not, you will need to look else where for child recreation.

Children and park use :

As important as choosing a good park is making good use of it. For this reason, in addition to verify that everything is in place and in order, it is essential to teach children how to behave in these playgrounds.
Some simple ideas (but valuable) are:

•Games are safe if used for the purpose for which they were designed. Swings are for sitting rocking, the guardrails are not climbing frames and slides have to slide their feet forward.

•The higher are the structures provides less damping the soil, whether the material is. We must prevent small about it and explain that they should be especially careful if you want to get into a game high.

•If we carry other items (such as a bicycle, a stroller or a bag of toys),  it is important to keep them away from the area where children play and run, as they can trip over them and injure themselves.

•Speaking of running: it is a very healthy habit and beneficial, as long as there is no provision alongside the attractions. You have to watch closely that no pushing,  especially if mounted on a swing.

•Children should be taught from childhood to care and care for others. If you are going to jump or run, they have to be attentive to others. And, even faster than other kids (to climb the stairs of a slide),  have to respect his turn and not push the child who is ahead.

•Before going to the park, it is helpful to agree rules with children. Besides the above, one must take into account the weather. If it has rained and the attractions (or floor) are wet, it is better not to play in the park, because they increase the risk of slipping and falling. If on the other hand has been hot and the games are hot to the touch, the visit will be postponed to avoid burns.

•In terms of clothing and accessories for children, should avoid using clothes with laces, belts or anything that could catch the games. For girls, who often usepurses, necklaces and bracelets of fantasy, we must agree with them that these items should be stored while playing in the park. Once finished, they were able to relocate.


Children and clothing: three steps to dress themselves

Children must learn to dress themselves, a very important aspect to gain autonomy, feel more independent and strengthen their self-esteem

on the ability of each and their level of maturity, between two and six years, children should learn to dress themselves. 's the next " big step" after leaving the diaper. In addition to being a time saver for parents, the acquisition of this skill represents an important advance in autonomy, which helps bolster confidence in their own abilities and feel more independent. To facilitate this task, among other things, parents should respect each child's individual pace, teach them in a fun and entertaining and help only when needed.

1.Allow children to develop their autonomy

•Step by step: you can not expect a child to learn at a time to put all the clothes because some need a certain ability or skill to put them. It is better to structure the task at different stages, depending on their level of difficulty. During the first few weeks, you can leave that you only underwear and socks,  gradually introduce new elements.

•No end for him at the delay of children in dressing, it is common for parents to be who end up placing most small clothes. Thus, children lose the motivation to perform the task of dressing themselves and take long to learn to put some clothes well.

•Give them time: at first, and even that streng then their skills, it is normal to be slower. Hurry to get his or berate his delay in these cases will only serve to put them nervous and frustrated with. At the beginning of learning, it is best to choose times when you have no hurry (and weekends) and, later, if necessary, restructure and raise the child hours earlier so that time is not a discordant element.

•Provide assistance when requested: it is important not show over protective attitudes, or help immediately perceived as a small difficulty placed a garment. It is advisable to let them try and help themselves only if they request it. At that time, it is advisable to explain step by step how to do it, and even let them do it later, so that the next time will not have much difficulty.

•Do not break the rule: once the child has learned to dress himself, we must respect their autonomy provided by all adults. That is, it does not leave you with one parentis seen by himself and, in parallel, the other will offer to help. Neither should clothe when time is scarce.

2.Simple and neat clothing to make it easier

•For younger children, it is prefer able to start let alone to dress in clothes that do not have closures (elastic waist pants, dresses without buttons, sweatshirts, etc..).

•When you gain more skill, it's time to try simple fasteners (snaps) and book by the end closures "harder"  as buttons, laces or zippers.

•Give them clues on each garment to avoid making mistakes. Should indicate that the tag must be behind the clothes in the back,  while the drawing of a shirt or a shirt pocket have to see ahead and seams should be always inside.

Prepare the clothes in the order they should be placed: underwear, shirt and pants (or skirt or dress) and finally, sweaters and coats.Thus, the child will avoid improperly super imposed garments and needed to start over.

•Dressing in front of the television or in a room with many distractions can slow enough to small. Parents should ensure that the child is dressed in a quiet environment, without elements that prevent you from concentrating on the task.

3.Tricks and fun tips for children to dress themselves

•Painting a letter in the templates of shoes or half of a drawing in each of them, so that when put together properly instructed what goes on each foot.

•Organize competitions with the brothers to see who gets put each piece in less time.

•Inventing songs with clothing, which may give clues about the best way to position each.

•One of the best ways to train is to plan an evening of costume play they have to be themselves.

•Dressing up dolls or put clothes help a younger brother will help them learn and build self-esteem.

•The puzzles and games strung lace and small parts favor the development of motor skills necessary to handle more precise elements of dress.


Models pacifiers: Tips for Choosing

To avoid mistakes with the pacifier, the most important is to verify that it meets safety requirements and is appropriate to the age of the baby

The wide variety of models that can be purchased pacifiers now creates doubts among parents about what is best for your child. Even on the advantages of using it. Latex or silicone, anatomical or physiological special night, with or without ring ...To choose right and wrong not primarily have to verify that the model meets the requirements of current safety standards and is suitable for the baby's age.

Minimum requirements for pacifiers

Currently, parents who opt for their children use pacifiers have a wide range of this article, which combine different materials, sizes, shapes anduses. In general, the baby is who "decides" which model is more suited to him, by the rejection or acceptance of the alternatives offered by its parent. That is, the baby "choose", but parents"propose".
How to know what are the most appropriate to propose models that baby? Besides the aesthetic tastes of parents and the recommendations of the environment, the main aspects that should be attended to choose a pacifier are two:
1.It should suit the baby's age.
2.Must meet the requirements of the regulations.

The UNE-EN 1400-1/2/3: 2003 regarding pacifiers for babies and toddlers, makes clear what those standards. Among the more general requirements, include:
•Pacifiers should not have small removable parts that your baby can swallow. Their parts must be attached with sufficient strength sothey can break or separate from each other.

•They should have protected or rounded edges to avoid the risk of cuts or wounds.

•The pacifier disk should have at least two vents a minimum diameter of four millimeters.

•The nipple, whatever their form,  must be of a flexible material and having a maximum length of 30 millimeters.

•The labeling must include all the information, instructions and warnings that specify the rules so as to provide the consumer with all the essential information for the safe and proper use of each product.

•It is mandatory to be sold in sealed packages whose labeling includes all the instructions and warnings necessary for parents.

Pacifiers? Latex or silicone?

Soothers Latex soothers teats made ​​from the natural material (from amber to yellow) are usually soft and elastic, and are more similar to the feel of the breast. They are characterized by high resistance to pulling or biting, so can be used without problems at all times. Being a natural material, wear and break down more easily deform and become sticky and can absorb odors and flavors, so it is advisable to replace these pacifiers new one every one or two months.

Silicone Soother: This transparent plastic is stiffer than latex, but less resistant to biting and pulling, so it is recommended to pre-stage baby teething. Moreover, this material teats thoroughly resist high temperatures, wear out less easily and are easier to clean, as neither fatfoods, or other substances can damage them. The manufacturers recommend replacing will appreciateas bite marks or other deficiencies.

Nipple pacifiers? Round or anatomical? Teat anatomy: the anatomical teat dummies mimic the shape of mother's nipple during breast feeding and adapted to the mouth and palate baby naturally. Therefore, experts recommend this form of nipple for feeding small breast. To be similar, avoiding a possible subsequent rejection of the breast. The disadvantage of this type of pacifiers is that to be well adapted to the oral cavity, should always be placed correctly in the mouth and therefore need to be aware of placing them in their original position when the baby will turn around .
Round Nipple: pacifiers with nipples on both sides or rounded shaped cherry are the most classic and symmetrically helps at any time havea position inside the baby's mouth, even when it has been around for itself.

Special Pacifiers

•Sleeping: experts recommend for night pacifiers made ​​entirely of latex (not just the nipple) and without a ring to hold them because they put less pressure on the baby's face while sleeping. Some manufacturers also have pacifiers with luminescent parts that facilitate your search in the dark.

•Pacifier The rmometer: this type of pacifiers are designed specifically to help parents take baby's temperature. They are very easy to use. In general, they have a digital display on the front that lets you check whether or not the baby has a fever of a very simple way.

•Drug Dispenser: time to take a medication to a baby can be stressful, as many smaller reject these substances decisively. To make it easier, you can use the special pacifiers for dispensing medications, which allow the correct place of medicine in a dispenser that is attached to the pacifier and the substance moves slowly to the baby's mouth throughthe teat .

Four Tips on the use and maintenance of pacifiers:

1.Although buying in an airtight container, you should wash the pacifier before first use and boil for a period of approximately five minutes.

2.If the pacifier falls on the floor or dirty, you must re-wash again. Avoid cleaning the nipple with the mouth of an adult to not transmit bacteria to the baby.

3.To prevent soiling frequently or miss, you can use specific strings or ribbons to attach pacifiers, always check that before you meetcurrent regulations regarding these childcare articles.

4.The latex nipple pacifiers should be replaced every one to two months or as soon as it detects that the nipple is damaged or sticky, the silicone must be replaced as soon as you receive or like teeth marks.


Ten tips for children to do their homework

Following a series of guidelines prevents when homework becomes a real battle everyday

It is normal for children to resist doing homework at home. And this often leads to fights orangerthat harm family life and the educational process. To avoid this, it should be noted some recommendations, such ascreating certain routines and enabling environments, support and encourage children as they perform tasks and review with them when they have finished. Following these assumptions generates motivation and incentives that are critical for small. This article explains why it is important for children to do homework and collect ten tips to achieve it.

Why homework is important:

Every so often resurfaces in the educational debate about whether the duties that teachers send children to make at home are beneficial or not, and in any case, how much homework is appropriate to entrust. Beyond the various opinions in this discussion,  the fact is that today the duties are an essential part of the educational process of children.
The existence of homework has several positive aspects: helping to create habits of responsibility and discipline in small, strengthens their concentration, can reinforce what is learned in class during the day and also serves to strengthen the relationship between parents and children.
The problem is that children are often reluctant to spend time at home for homework. And the direct consequence of this fact are often fights, anger, stress and bad times that hurt children and adults in everyday life and in the educational process in general.Therefore, it should be noted the tips and techniques listed in the following ten to encourage children to do their homework without problems and getthe best results.

Ten Tips for children to do their homework

1.Establish an appropriate place to do homework.
Does not have to be at a desk or in your room, but it should be respected that is always the same,  that is well lit and there the child has access to everything you need to make your tasks. Also, it is a place without distractions, which can concentrate and, over time, reach associate with the study. It is critical that, while engaged in their duties, little or no access to phone or television.

2.Set a time of day.
As with the place, there are also free to choose what the time devoted to homework. But once elected, they must comply. This helps to create study habits and discipline, and also helps to avoid arguments, when the time comes,  touches homework. It is best to be early, after a moment of distraction after returning from school. The later is made, the child will be more tired and have less desire, will cost more and the results will be worse.

3.If you set rules and schedules, be stead fast in its performance.
This point is closely related to the previous two. It does not mean you have to be inflexible in a radical way, but you notice that, when not met with a schedule, it is an exception.

4.Accompanying children while doing homework.
Accompany means to be near them, but not over, far from "them" homework. Let children make their activities as independent as possible is a way torecognize their independence, intelligence and ability to do things for themselves, but do not go perfect. This attitude helps a lot in learning to manage their responsibilities and strengthens their self-esteem.

5.Lead by example.
This is very positive: the adult,  whenever possible, make your own "homework" in view of the child, while it makes his: calculations related to home economics, review of bills or other paper , read a book, etc. It will be an extra motivation for two reasons: first, because children always try to look like their elders, and secondly, because it is a great way to show them that what they learn now will serve them for life in the future.

6.Be alert to help, especially if the child gets stuck with the task.
's Way, of course, is not doing the activity for him, but give some clue to bring it to the correct solution.Alternatively, if the child is stressed because of the difficulty of the duties is to give a break: you take a break to clear your mind and try again.

7.Rather than teach, tools for thinking. Often older may clarify the doubts of the students, but may not always do so. In such cases, do not get overwhelmed: the role of parents is to accompany the children and provide ideas, tools for thinking and look for alternatives. It is convenient not to have solved nagging doubts in class but encourage them to not forget to do the following.

8.Check the homework done.
This means not only the first instance of correction, but also a demonstration of interest by the adult to small activities, which is essential for the child that represents the motivation. The review should always start by highlighting the positive: the things the child has done well, developments and improvements to be detected, and so on. This will be taken by the student as a recognition for their work and encourage him to keep going. The nit will be time to mention another errors or mistakes made, without drama or exaggeration. However serious, are faults that can be corrected and are part of the learning process.

9.Avoid the "rewards" for homework.
One thing is motivation and a promise of a reward in exchange for the child to do their homework. With an offer like this, you run the risk that the situation is denatured and the alleged prize becomes a "bribe". It is best that the motivations and incentives are of another kind.

10.Discuss homework with positive terms.
The connotation of words is crucial here: if parents refer to expressions homework with him as a punishment, something bad or boring, sure the children will live in that manner. So whenever it is appropriate that, when we talk about the work, done with words  "good", highlighting how much the child will learn, what will serve in the future, it may be interesting to know, etc..


Teach the child to apologize

You have to explain why there is little to apologize and the consequences that their actions can have on others

Teaching a child to apologize and admit his guilt is partof education in values, both the family and educators, should provide for its development. Parents may follow different patterns to learn to apologize from small: guide them, give example, perseverance and urgethem to correct mistakes. Thus,we must learn why apologize and feel the need to be for given. This article reveals how to teach a child to apologize.
.Values ​​educationis an essential part of the comprehensive education of children. Behaviors that can transmit the parents, assolidarity, tolerance, generosity, responsibility, honesty and respect,facilitate coexistence. And also part of the social skills they need to acquire small to interact successfully with others.

Children, still immature, have trouble for giving

Acknowledge mistakes and apologize for them, is one of the lessons that parents can begin to work with children from infancy. children still immature, and without a fully formed personality,  struggle to forgive. "So you have to teach them how to do since childhood.

Guidelines to learn to say sorry:

1.Guidance: at first, the children are not able to recognize the guiltor feel the need to be forgiven. Parents should guide their first steps in the "dynamics of forgiveness": indicate the times when it is necessary to apologize and show remorse. we must provide them apologize when you have done something reprehensible "to recognize the evil of their actions and to rectify. "The parent must explain why the small should apologize and make him see that their attitudes or behaviors have caused harm to others.

2.Give example: the best way to teach your child to apologize is to provide a model of appropriate behavior. If children see their parents recognize their mistakes and apologize when they are wrong,  I assume as a natural form of conflict resolution.
Parents should not only apologize to their children when appropriate. If possible, they should try to be witnesses also situations in which they apologize to other adults, whether family or friends.

3.Be persistent: the learning of smaller settle in most cases by repetition. Parents should not be afraid to be pushy or quit claim the child as needed apology. This does not mean you have to force them to apologize when they refuse to do so, but they do insist that whenever the situation requires it recur.

4.Urge to correct errors: many children can easily learn to say "sorry" automatically when they make a mistake. But the important thing is that you really learn to feel remorse. The best way to get to assume their guilt is sincerely urge them to correct their error, or the damage they have caused, where possible.

Why are you apologizing?

Learning to apologize for the misdeeds is a lesson that will benefit the child in many ways,  because with this attitude are working different core values ​​for their personal development:

•Responsibility: the child recognizes his mistakes, or inappropriate behavior, is the first sign that it is account able and assumes their guilt in a sincere way.

•Understanding and empathy: to apologize, little recognition that actions have caused harm to another person and put in place to understand the scope of their mistakes.

•Humbly apologize when the occasion calls is the best way to dispose of the pride and arrogant attitudes towards others.

•Coexistence and friendship: knowing apologize and to forgive are two basic attitudes to create a good climate of cooperation in agroup and promote the development of friendly relations between members.

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